UMJ front cover

Welcome to the Journal

Statement: The Ulster Medical Journal is an international general medical journal with contributions on all areas of medical and surgical specialties relevant to a general medical readership. It retains a focus on material relevant to the health of the Northern Ireland population. The Honorary Editor would welcome offers of papers for publication. Prospective authors are invited to read the notice to contributors.

The Ulster Medical Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics and subscribes to its principles.

Disclaimer: The Ulster Medical Journal is owned and published by The Ulster Medical Society, itself founded in 1862 by the amalgamation of the Belfast Medical Society (founded 1806), the Belfast Clinical and Pathological Society (founded 1853), and the Ulster Medical Protective Association (founded 1859). The owner grants editorial freedom to the Editor of the Ulster Medical Journal. The Ulster Medical Journal follows guidelines on editorial independence produced by the World Association of Medical Editors, and the code of good practice of the Committee On Publication Ethics.

Copyright: © The Ulster Medical Journal is an open access publication of the Ulster Medical Society. The Ulster Medical Society grants to all users on the basis of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence the right to alter or build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creation is licensed under identical terms

Production: The journal is published in January, May and September, by the Ulster Medical Society, and typeset and printed in the UK by Dorman and Sons Ltd, Belfast. Costs for institutional and personal subscriptions are shown on the Journal Subscription page.

Online Availability: Recent articles may be downloaded from the issues page where an index for Volumes 1 to 64 is also available. Older articles may be downloaded from the PubMed Central website.

Contact Details: All submissions and editorial correspondence with the exception of Curiositas items should be addressed to the Editor. Curiositas correspondence should be directed to the Curiositas Editor through the contact email address on the Curiositas page. All other correspondence should be addressed to the Editorial Office. Editorial postal and email addresses, and telephone number are on the Journal Contacts page.


Honorary EditorDavid J Armstrong (WHSCT, UK)
Honorary Assistant Editors Philip Toner and Ian Wallace (Belfast, UK)
Section EditorsCuriositas: Andrew Spence
Gamechangers: Nicholas Cromie
Medical Ethics: Michael Trimble
Letters: Ian Wallace
Journal Club: Philip Toner
Editorial BoardMugilan Anandarajan (Belfast, UK)
Ian Bickle (England)
Barry Clements (Belfast, UK)
Janitha Costa, (Belfast, UK)
Nick Cromie (Belfast, UK)
Peter Crookes (California, USA)
Pat Croskerry (Halifax, Nova Scotia)
David J Eedy (Craigavon, UK)
Gerry Gormley (Belfast, UK)
Paul Hamilton (Belfast, UK)
Nigel Hart (Belfast, UK)
John Hedley-Whyte (Harvard, USA)
Joe Houghton (Belfast, UK)
Andrew McIvor (Hamilton, Ontario)
A Peter Maxwell (Belfast, UK)
Eiman A Meguid (Belfast, UK)
David Mills (Belfast, UK)
John E Moore (Belfast, UK)
Mark E O'Donnell (Belfast, UK)
Anthony O'Neill (Belfast, UK)
Shanmugasund Rajkumar (Belfast, UK)
Benjamin Tharian (Arkansas, USA)
Hannah O'Hara (Belfast, UK)
Jake Clements (Belfast, UK)
Jonathan Winter (Belfast, UK)
Honorary TreasurerGeraldine M Gallagher
Sub-EditorMary Crickard
Editorial AssistantDeborah Millar